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Open InnovationAcademic and Practical Perspectives on the Journey from Idea to Market$
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Arthur B. Markman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199374441

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374441.001.0001

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Open Innovation Through Strategic Design-by-Analogy

Open Innovation Through Strategic Design-by-Analogy

Chapter:
(p.13) 2 Open Innovation Through Strategic Design-by-Analogy
Source:
Open Innovation
Author(s):

Katherine Fu

Christian Schunn

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199374441.003.0002

Strategic design-by-analogy is a promising engine for open innovation. Designers are exposed to solutions from other domains and then map these solutions to the design problem at hand. Although this methodology has been found fruitful in product design processes, there are currently no practical ways to find good analogies from the millions of possible sources. The chapter reviews the effects of different types of analogical stimuli on designer output quality to build a better understanding of design-by-analogy from a cognitive perspective. Then, it presents and tests a new computational algorithm that uses a combination of advanced Bayesian and natural language processing data mining techniques to automatically organize large repositories of existing design solutions and display them in simple visual structures. Designers can efficiently search these structures for diverse but relevant analogies to a given design problem. This approach provides novel and meaningful insights regarding the interrelatedness of different solutions.

Keywords:   Design-by-analogy, design cognition, engineering design, data mining, design repository

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