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Advancing Electoral Integrity$
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Pippa Norris, Richard W. Frank, and Ferran Martinez i Coma

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199368709

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368709.001.0001

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Methods and Evidence

Methods and Evidence

Chapter:
(p.34) 3 Methods and Evidence
Source:
Advancing Electoral Integrity
Author(s):

Pippa Norris

Jørgen Elklit

Andrew Reynolds

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368709.003.0003

This chapter seek to clarify the underlying concepts of electoral integrity and malpractice, and to consider what systematic, valid, and reliable evidence is available to allow scholars and practitioners to monitor the quality of elections. The chapter reviews the pros and cons of several methods and analytical techniques. Previous studies have usually relied upon one or several primary sources, including case studies, performance indices, and elite interviews, content analysis of observer mission reports, human rights reports, coding of news media coverage, forensic analysis of election results, randomized evaluations through natural or field experiments, and also public opinion surveys. It is argued that many of these approaches are useful, but they each suffer from important limitations, for example in terms of conceptual validity, cross-national coverage, and/or capacity to monitor all sequential stages throughout the electoral cycle. It is therefore useful to supplement this evidence through gathering evidence from a global survey of expert opinion. The new Perception of Electoral Integrity Index (PEI), it is suggested, offers a comprehensive, systematic, and robust measure that can usefully supplement many other sources of empirical evidence, playing a valuable role for both the academic and the policymaking communities.

Keywords:   electoral integrity, electoral malpractice, election results, Perception of Electoral Integrity Index, PEI, empirical evidence

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