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PanpsychismContemporary Perspectives$
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Godehard Bruntrup and Ludwig Jaskolla

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199359943

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2016

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199359943.001.0001

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In Search of Mentons

In Search of Mentons

Panpsychism, Physicalism, and the Missing Link

(p.130) 5 In Search of Mentons

Berit Brogaard

Oxford University Press

This chapter proposes a version of constitutive panpsychism. Under the condition that one accepts Chalmers’s arguments against type-B materialism, it argues that there are two contenders for explaining consciousness, the first being some version of strong emergence. She criticizes and finally rejects this kind of emergence. The second contender is panpsychism. Brogaard calls her proposal for a constitutive panpsychism ‘the theory of Mentons.’ Following Searle, it is argued that consciousness is best understood as a field-phenomenon according to which the unified field of consciousness changes as informational content is added or deleted from the field. Consequently, this version of panpsychism is not a form of state-panpsychism in which individual particulars bear mental properties. Mentons are construed as elementary particles that carry microexperiences. The chapter discusses different versions of the combination problem, which are answered by her account: the subject combination problem, the palette argument, and finally the revelation argument.

Keywords:   panpsychism, mentons, critique of physicalism, critique of strong emergence, searle

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