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The Evolving Sphere of Food Security$
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Rosamond L. Naylor

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199354054

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.001.0001

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Food Security for the Poorest Billion

Food Security for the Poorest Billion

Policy Lessons from Indonesia

Chapter:
(p.31) 2 Food Security for the Poorest Billion
Source:
The Evolving Sphere of Food Security
Author(s):

Walter P. Falcon

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354054.003.0002

Since 1967, Indonesia’s food security has impressively and steadily improved. This chapter describes the sequence of projects, programs, and policies that were used to produce pro-poor economic growth. As a consequence of this growth, poverty rates fell from more than 60 percent to less than 15 percent over the 40 years. This chapter outlines the cultural, geographic, and historic context of food policy. Five sets of development tensions are then analyzed, showing how each was resolved in Indonesia: industry vs. agriculture; integrated rural development vs. sequenced centralized policies; markets vs. government interventions; producers vs. consumers; and domestic vs. international orientations. Particular attention is paid to the important roles played by presidential leadership, sound macro policy, and price stabilization of rice, the major food staple. Much of the story is also about farmers responding to the improved technology and heightened economic incentives to which they were given access.

Keywords:   pro-poor growth, Green Revolution, economic leadership, rice policy, price stabilization, government subsidy

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