The Movement Cohort, 1970s to 1980s
This chapter introduces the rise of the 1970s women’s antiviolence movement, and the formation of the first groups of male allies with a vignette describing the San Francisco Bay Area group Men Against Sexist Violence (MASV) attending the first Take Back the Night march in 1978. The chapter traces the men’s pathways to feminism and antiviolence work—through personal experiences of violence, the anti–Vietnam war movement, and relationships with feminist women. The men’s groups of this Movement Cohort were challenged—and some fractured—under the pressures of balancing an emphasis on ending male privilege while mitigating the “costs of masculinity” to men; dealing with race and class inequalities within their groups and in their outreach; and being accountable a women’s movement that was split by the “feminist sex wars,” including debates about pornography. Some groups survived and created a template for antiviolence efforts and organization building in subsequent decades.
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