This chapter examines parents’ roles in the bilingual integrated schools in Israel. After a discussion of the historical development—both legal and practical—of parental involvement in schools in general and the current role of the parents in the bilingual schools, the interview data are analyzed, revealing that Palestinian parents’ motivations for enrolling their children are not primarily ideological (i.e., related to peace education) but practical, having to do with providing their children with opportunities to improve their socioeconomic status through fluency in Hebrew. Jewish parents, on the other hand, were initially motivated by the schools’ liberal ideology but came to doubt that this was optimum for their children’s educational and psychological needs. The chapter discusses the implications of these findings on the future of the bilingual integrated schools.
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