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Remapping IndiaNew States and Their Political Origins$
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Louise Tillin

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199336036

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199336036.001.0001

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The View From The State Capitals

The View From The State Capitals

(p.143) 5 The View From The State Capitals
Remapping India

Louise Tillin

Oxford University Press

This chapter shifts its gaze upwards to the state level to consider the question of state creation from the vantage point of the state capital. It looks at why politicians from the same state but based outside the region for which statehood was demanded also began to promote or give life to the idea of changing state boundaries as one response to changing forms of politics in Hindi-speaking states. In particular, the chapter demonstrates how the political mobilisation of lower and middle castes from the late 1960s onwards and the gradual challenge to upper caste dominance of state level politics helped to bring the question of state division to the centre of the political arenas of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, not just within the regions demanding statehood. In each case, a state-wide leader brought the borders of their state into political play from 1980 onwards as they tried to hold together cross-state political alliances. In order to explain when and why states might be subdivided, it is critical to understand how a degree of flexibility as to the boundaries of a state opens up at the centre of the political arena, not simply within a region seeking statehood.

Keywords:   Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Caste, Dominance

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