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Patent Law in Global Perspective$
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Ruth L. Okediji and Margo A. Bagley

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199334278

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199334278.001.0001

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Proof of Progress

Proof of Progress

The Role of the Inventive Step/Non-obviousness Standard in the Indian Patent Office

(p.571) 18 Proof of Progress
Patent Law in Global Perspective

Feroz Ali Khader

Srividhya Ragavan

Oxford University Press

Though much has been written about the recent developments in Indian patent law, scholarship has not looked beyond the famed §3(d) and compulsory licensing. This chapter introduces a new protagonist in Indian patent law: the new standard of nonobviousness. The authors argue that the heightened standard operates as a more objective tool to measure the inherently subjective concept of nonobviousness. By requiring patent applicants to demonstrate technical advancement, the law mandates them to show technical superiority over the prior art, which the authors refer to as the “proof of progress” requirement. The new standard is explained and compared with the nonobviousness standard in the United States. Uniquely focusing on the grant opinions of the patent office involving pharmaceutical patent applications, the authors show how the new standard operates in practice.

Keywords:   nonobviousness, technical advancement, prior art, Indian patent law, US patent law

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