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Resisting GenocideThe Multiple Forms of Rescue$
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Jacques Semelin, Claire Andrieu, and Sarah Gensburger

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780199333493

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333493.001.0001

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The OSE and the Rescue of Jewish Children, from the Post-War to the Pre-War Period

The OSE and the Rescue of Jewish Children, from the Post-War to the Pre-War Period

Chapter:
(p.245) 15 The OSE and the Rescue of Jewish Children, from the Post-War to the Pre-War Period
Source:
Resisting Genocide
Author(s):

Katy Hazan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199333493.003.0016

This chapter focuses on the OSE (OEuvre de Secours aux Enfants, or Children's Welfare Organisation), a Jewish charity founded in 1934, and its role in rescuing Jewish children in France during World War II. It examines how OSE formed its own underground networks to place Jewish children and families in the southern zone in early 1943. It discusses OSE's rescue efforts from Adolf Hitler's rise to power in 1933, to the period after the fall of Nazism, and in the postwar years. It first provides an overview of the various responsibilities assumed by World Union OSE in Europe before outlining the stages of OSE's rescue of Jewish children in France. It also looks at the role played by endocrinologist Joseph Weill in these rescue operations.

Keywords:   rescue, OSE, OEuvre de Secours aux Enfants, Children's Welfare Organisation, Jewish children, France, World War II, underground networks, Europe, Joseph Weill

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