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More Women Can RunGender and Pathways to the State Legislatures$
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Susan J. Carroll and Kira Sanbonmatsu

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199322428

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199322428.001.0001

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The Future of Women’s Office Holding

The Future of Women’s Office Holding

(p.123) Chapter 6 The Future of Women’s Office Holding
More Women Can Run
Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes the book’s findings and discusses the real-world and scholarly implications. It argues that practitioners would do well to shift their focus from individual women to the organizations, funders, and party officials who provide or withhold the support and encouragement necessary to produce women’s representation. It also argues that the pool of women who can run for office is much larger than is commonly realized. Women need not have harbored a longstanding interest in candidacy prior to running for the legislature, and women need not come from business or law. Instead, women are usually recruited into politics and they primarily come from predominantly female occupations. While women’s political representation would be aided were women’s opportunities expanded and women’s status improved within domains located outside of politics, the chapter argues that such improvements are not necessary for gender parity in officeholding to be realized. Instead, political equality might just come first.

Keywords:   gender, women, elections, descriptive representation, substantive representation, ambition, candidate emergence

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