The Founding Fathers and Austral Enlightenment
This chapter considers how the antipodes operated as a realm of utopian fantasy for writers in the early eighteenth century, and how the satirical works of Benjamin Franklin rework this tradition to position American and Australia in parallax relationships to the British Empire. It discusses how Crevecoeur’s interest in philosophical primitivism, particularly in his Journey into Northern Pennsylvania and the State of New York, leads him to appropriate “New Holland” as a test case for his analysis of the relation between Western society and rational design. The final section of this chapter discusses how the fascination of Thomas Jefferson and John Ledyard with the West Coast of America led them to take a particular interest in transpacific engagements.
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