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Regulating Energy and Natural Resources$
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Barry Barton, Alastair Lucas, Lila Barrera-Hernández, and Anita Rønne

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199299874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299874.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 October 2019

The Voluntary Initiative of the Japan Business Federation (Nippon Keidanren) in the Measures to Cope with Global Warming

The Voluntary Initiative of the Japan Business Federation (Nippon Keidanren) in the Measures to Cope with Global Warming

Chapter:
(p.371) 19 The Voluntary Initiative of the Japan Business Federation (Nippon Keidanren) in the Measures to Cope with Global Warming
Source:
Regulating Energy and Natural Resources
Author(s):

Kazuhiro Nakatani

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299874.003.0019

The Nippon Keidanren (Japan Business Federation) is a comprehensive economic organization born in May 2002 out of the amalgamation of the Keidanren (Japan Federation of Economic Organizations) and the Nikkeiren (Japan Federation of Employers' Associations). Most of the major private companies in Japan including energy and natural resource sector companies are members of the Nippon Keidanren. In the field of the environment, it has adopted a series of voluntary agreements including the Global Environment Charter (1991), the Charter of Corporate Behavior (1991, fourth version released in 2004), the Appeal on the Environment (1996), and the Voluntary Action Plan on the Environment (1997). In accordance with the Voluntary Action Plan, 37 major industrial associations have published their own voluntary action plans. These voluntary initiatives may be characterized as voluntary codes of conduct. This chapter reviews this voluntary initiative in which energy and natural resource companies have been major participants. These voluntary agreements and declarations are appropriate instruments for private companies to discharge their general corporate social responsibility, though they may be far from perfect for combating global warming problems. However, greenhouse gas emission reduction is likely to be influenced in Japan by the emission reduction targets that the Japanese government announced in 2005.

Keywords:   Japan, Nippon Keidanren, global warming, voluntary agreements

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