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Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma$
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Vladimir Fortov, Igor Iakubov, and Alexey Khrapak

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199299805

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.001.0001

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THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION

THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION

Chapter:
(p.169) 5 THERMODYNAMICS OF PLASMAS WITH DEVELOPED IONIZATION
Source:
Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma
Author(s):

V. E. Fortov

I. T. Iakubov

A. G. Khrapak

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0005

The description of the thermodynamics of the strongly ionized plasma starts by discussing the most popular and well-studied model of the one-component plasma (OCP), which represents a system of point ions placed in a homogeneous medium of charges of opposite sign. The results of calculations by the Monte Carlo method of the binary correlation function, static structure factor, dielectric permeability, isothermal compressibility, and internal and free energies are presented. The region of existence of Wigner crystallization is determined. Pseudopotential models of multicomponent plasma are considered. The advantages and disadvantages of the quasiclassical approximation, density functional, and quantum Monte Carlo methods are discussed. A number of the proposed models in the region of increased nonideality lose thermodynamic stability, which is attributed to the possibility of a phase transition and the separation of the system into phases of different densities.

Keywords:   one-component plasma, Monte Carlo method, static structure factor, static dielectric permeability, binary correlation function, Wigner crystallization, Percus-Yevick equation, density functional method

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