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The Law of the SeaProgress and Prospects$
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David Freestone, Richard Barnes, and David Ong

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199299614

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299614.001.0001

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High Seas Fisheries Management under the Convention on the Law of the Sea

High Seas Fisheries Management under the Convention on the Law of the Sea

Chapter:
(p.281) 15 High Seas Fisheries Management under the Convention on the Law of the Sea
Source:
The Law of the Sea
Author(s):

Kristina M Gjerde

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299614.003.0015

Since the conclusion of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC) more than 20 years ago, the fishing industry has changed dramatically. New technologies have increased fishing vessel efficiency and capacity, and have provided access to previously remote fish stocks. This has created three major challenges to the legal regime for high seas fisheries under the LOSC: declining fish stocks in the high seas due to overfishing, growing biodiversity concerns, and proliferation of illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing activities such as overfishing. In the face of these challenges, the framework of the LOSC may be sound but insufficient. These challenges have revealed the weaknesses of the LOSC regime, which relies on the effectiveness of regional fisheries management organisations and the voluntary compliance of flag states to ensure conservation and management of living resources in the high seas.

Keywords:   fisheries management, high seas, United Nations Convention, fish stocks, overfishing, biodiversity, unregulated fishing, illegal fishing, unreported fishing, regional fisheries management

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