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Settlers and ExpatriatesBritons over the Seas$
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Robert Bickers

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780199297672

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297672.001.0001

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The British of Argentina

The British of Argentina

Chapter:
(p.18) 2 The British of Argentina
Source:
Settlers and Expatriates
Author(s):

David Rock

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297672.003.0002

The chapter reviews the development of the British community in Argentina from the military occupation of Buenos Aires in June 1806 in four main phases. Phase 1 starts with the early history of the community and includes the creation of a mercantile group from 1810 and of rural Scottish and Irish rural communities from the 1820s. A second phase follows the consolidation of the community from around 1870 with the rise of British investment, particularly in Argentine railways. This phase includes the creation of a suburban middle class and the emergence of small urban and rural British communities in various parts of Argentina until the First World War. A third section notes the stagnation of the community between the two world wars as British investment declined and Argentine nationalism appeared. The final phase marked the community's decline during and after the Second World War. The key phases of decline included the rise of Peron regime and railway nationalization in 1948.

Keywords:   British, history, Irish, Scots, Welsh, migration, Argentina, railways, education, biculturalism

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