Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Typological Change in Chinese Syntax$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Dan Xu

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199297566

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297566.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 21 October 2019

From Old Chinese to Middle Chinese Word Order and Word Order Change

From Old Chinese to Middle Chinese Word Order and Word Order Change

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 From Old Chinese to Middle Chinese Word Order and Word Order Change
Source:
Typological Change in Chinese Syntax
Author(s):

DAN XU

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297566.003.0002

This chapter shows that, typologically, Old Chinese (OC) was a mixed language, in terms of both language type and word order. It shows that the verb-object (VO) order was preferred by Chinese language evolution while the object-verb (OV) order fell into disuse or only survives in expressions and proverbs. It demonstrates why a spatial orientation term and a place word which share the same semantic property [location] needed a preposition in Middle Chinese but not in OC. Verbs preceding localizers or place words were progressively grammaticalized into prepositions. Consequently, locations which has, for example, localizers and place words were marked and became different from ordinary NP. The motion verb changed its meaning from ‘to leave’ to ‘to go’ in this reorganization of word order.

Keywords:   Old Chinese, Middle Chinese, word order, syntax, typology, language evolution, grammaticalization, localizers

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .