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The Grammar of Names$
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John M. Anderson

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199297412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297412.001.0001

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Observations concerning names and related categories

Observations concerning names and related categories

(p.212) (p.213) 7 Observations concerning names and related categories
The Grammar of Names

John M. Anderson

Oxford University Press

This chapter brings together and extends various observations on the functions of names and their relation to other categories. Names as arguments are definite and serve independently to establish the identity of a referent; this capacity they share with deictics. Names also occur in nominations or naming expressions, where they are not definite, and in vocatives, where they are again not obviously definite but confer a label on the addressee. The distinctions between names and pronouns are discussed, as well as the similarities and differences between names and generic expressions. Names emerge as functionally and distributionally distinct from all of these. The relationship between these various categories is conceptualized as what is termed a ‘cycle of individualization’, in which names are basic.

Keywords:   identification, nomination, vocative, determiners, pronouns, definiteness, generics, individualization

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