After the 1780s, the settlement of the people of the Anglo West continued with increasing momentum. Embryonic settler Australia grew from 1,000 to 12,000 people in 1790–1810. The population of the American Western states rocketed from 100,000 to over 1 million; and Canada from under a quarter of a million to over half a million, with most of the growth among English-speakers rather than French. Spasmodic but explosive growth continued between 1810 and 1860, with the United States Old Northwest (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin) burgeoning twenty-eight-fold, from just over a quarter of a million people in 1810 to 7 million in 1860, with an economy to match. The new states of the Old Southwest, a ‘forgotten frontier’, shared in at least the early phases of this extraordinary human and economic explosion.
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