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Modern Grammars of Case$
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John M. Anderson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199297078

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.001.0001

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Case Grammar and the Demise of Deep Structure

Case Grammar and the Demise of Deep Structure

(p.56) 4 Case Grammar and the Demise of Deep Structure
Modern Grammars of Case

John M. Anderson

Oxford University Press

This chapter is concerned with criticisms of early case grammar (including phenomena to do with ‘holisticness’), particularly defences of ‘deep structure’ and its lexical role. It presents earlier arguments against the notion of ‘unaccusativity’ as unitary and as resolving various lexical and syntax problems in non-case-grammars, against the lexical relevance to the lexicon of grammatical relations or the configurations that define them, and against non-case-grammar formulations of syntactic processes, such as ‘raising’. It comments on the belated recognition of semantic relations as ‘thematic relations’ in the main transformational tradition, and the uncertainty of their role in linguistic formulations. It is argued that contrary to this tardy and grudging recognition, the motivations offered for a level of ‘deep structure’, including so-called ‘subject/object asymmetries’, could already be seen to be inadequate at an early stage.

Keywords:   holistic, partitive, deep structure, unaccusative, raising, lexical relationships, thematic relations

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