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Modern Grammars of Case$
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John M. Anderson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199297078

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.001.0001

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Argument-Sharing I: Raising

Argument-Sharing I: Raising

Chapter:
(p.327) 11 Argument-Sharing I: Raising
Source:
Modern Grammars of Case
Author(s):

John M. Anderson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297078.003.0011

This chapter argues that recognition of the notional basis for syntax is one major factor in obviating an abstract syntax with transformations and ‘empty categories’. The other is admission to syntactic structure of a very restricted kind of non-projectivity. This ‘tangling’ is mediated by the sharing of arguments by two semantic relations in a higher and a lower predication, respectively. The upper relation is a free absolutive; its predicator is not subcategorized for it. It is present in response to a syntactic requirement on verbs (prototypically relational) to have a dependent absolutive (the unmarked relation). It is realized as the expletive in It rained. But the need for an argument can also be satisfied by the subject of a lower predication, as in the ‘raising’ structure: She tends to sleep. She is both a participant in the sleeppredication and satisfies the free absolutive of tends.

Keywords:   autonomy, transformation, empty category, projectivity, expletive, raising

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