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The Emergence of a Scientific CultureScience and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685$
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Stephen Gaukroger

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199296446

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296446.001.0001

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The Aims of Enquiry

The Aims of Enquiry

(p.228) 7 The Aims of Enquiry
The Emergence of a Scientific Culture

Stephen Gaukroger (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter builds on the previous two to offer a more integrated account of the intersections between questions of truth, justification, objectivity, and legitimacy. The origins of philosophy in Plato's Socratic dialogues are represented as a struggle between sophism and philosopher, where the difference lies in a commitment to uncovering the truth. This concern can be traced through to the early modern period, but the 17th century witnessed a shift from notions of truth to notions of objectivity and impartiality as a guide for natural philosophical enquiry.

Keywords:   justification, legitimacy, objectivity, origins of philosophy, truth

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