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New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy$
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Douglas Patterson

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199296309

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296309.001.0001

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Alternative Logics and the Role of Truth in the Interpretation of Languages

Alternative Logics and the Role of Truth in the Interpretation of Languages

Chapter:
(p.390) 15 Alternative Logics and the Role of Truth in the Interpretation of Languages
Source:
New Essays on Tarski and Philosophy
Author(s):

Jody Azzouni (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296309.003.0015

Tarski-style theories of truth are drafted by many semanticists into providing truth-conditional semantic theories for languages. Universally assumed by practitioners in this area of semantics is that such theories are to provide necessary and sufficient conditions on the truth of the targeted sentences. This chapter argues that such an assumption inappropriately restricts the empirical possibilities for the languages to be thus studied. In particular, languages based on alternative logics are ill-served by such an assumption. The chapter loosens the requirement that a semantic theory is to provide necessary and sufficient truth conditions by showing that ‘truth-conditional’ semantic theories are possible which provide not necessary and sufficient conditions on the truth (and falsity) of the targeted sentences, but necessary conditions and sufficient conditions that don't amount to necessary and sufficient conditions, except in certain quite restricted circumstances.

Keywords:   Tarski, truth conditions, semantic theories, alternative logics

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