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Quantifiers in Language and Logic$
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Stanley Peters and Dag Westerståhl

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780199291267

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291267.001.0001

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Exceptive Quantifiers

Exceptive Quantifiers

(p.297) 8 Exceptive Quantifiers
Quantifiers in Language and Logic

Stanley Peters

Oxford University Press

Exception phrases often consist of an exceptive marker and a noun phrase. Though these markers all have to do with making exceptions, they differ somewhat in their semantic properties. This chapter focuses on English and on its presumably most typical exceptive marker: except. Except can be inserted in sentences in several different positions. The distinction between free and connected exception phrases is discussed. This chapter also casts some doubt on the so-called Inclusion Condition and the Negative Condition (in its various versions), arguing that these are often too strong, but suggests a principle of exception conservativity that seems to hold generally. The so-called Quantifier Constraint, which says that only the quantifiers every and no admit exceptions, is examined.

Keywords:   exceptive quantifiers, except, free exception phrases, connected exception phrases, Inclusion Condition, Negative Condition, Quantifier Constraint, exception sentences

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