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Multiculturalism and the Welfare StateRecognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies$
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Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199289172

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289172.001.0001

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Population diversity, multiculturalism, and the welfare state: Should welfare state theory be revised?

Population diversity, multiculturalism, and the welfare state: Should welfare state theory be revised?

Chapter:
(p.339) 13 Population diversity, multiculturalism, and the welfare state: Should welfare state theory be revised?
Source:
Multiculturalism and the Welfare State
Author(s):

John Myles (Contributor Webpage)

Sébastien St‐Arnaud

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289172.003.0013

This chapter argues that ethnic diversity has been largely absent in conventional welfare state theories, and that the evidence in this volume confirms that ethno-racial heterogeneity and MCPs have not played a significant role in the development of contemporary welfare states, outside the well-documented US case. However, evidence from the past, even the recent past, does not settle the issue for the future. There is still a danger, especially in Europe, that rising ethno-racial diversity due to immigration might be transformed into ethno-racial political cleavages, which can be manipulated by right-wing populist political parties, which could have corrosive effects for the welfare state. Forestalling this danger requires the successful economic and political integration of immigrants, which in turn depends on a complex range of factors, including the immigrant selection process, labour market institutions and policies, and the electoral strength of minority groups themselves.

Keywords:   multiculturalism policies, ethnic diversity, immigration, racial diversity, Europe, welfare state, social policy

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