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Democracy and DiversityPolitical Engineering in the Asia-Pacific$
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Benjamin Reilly

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199286874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.001.0001

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Power‐Sharing Institutions: Executive Formation and Federalism

Power‐Sharing Institutions: Executive Formation and Federalism

(p.146) 7 Power‐Sharing Institutions: Executive Formation and Federalism
Democracy and Diversity

Benjamin Reilly (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the theory and practice of the various approaches to the sharing and dividing of governing power in the Asia-Pacific. It first looks at the broad issues of executive structure and the distinction between presidential and parliamentary systems across the region, at the divergent approaches taken by Asian and Pacific states to both formal and informal practices of executive inclusion, and at the empirical relationship between these variables and broader goals of political stability. An ‘index of power-sharing’ is constructed to compare the horizontal sharing of powers over time. The experience of vertical power-sharing via measures such as federalism, devolution, and autonomy is then considered. Overall, the evidence suggests that while informal executive power-sharing practices have been relatively successful, formal requirements for inclusive cabinets have been dogged by problems.

Keywords:   power-sharing, governance, presidential system, parliamentary system, devolution, autonomy

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