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Democracy and DiversityPolitical Engineering in the Asia-Pacific$
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Benjamin Reilly

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199286874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.001.0001

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Representative Institutions: Elections and Electoral Systems

Representative Institutions: Elections and Electoral Systems

Chapter:
(p.97) 5 Representative Institutions: Elections and Electoral Systems
Source:
Democracy and Diversity
Author(s):

Benjamin Reilly (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286874.003.0005

In examining the relationship between political reform and the redesign of Asia-Pacific electoral systems, this chapter argues that many of the political reforms undertaken across the region in recent years have, at their heart, the objective of promoting the development of more aggregative, centrist, and stable politics by encouraging cohesive political parties and limiting party fragmentation. It also highlights several distinctive patterns of electoral reform across the region, including the increasing prevalence of ‘mixed member’ systems in Asia; the spread of alternative vote systems in the Pacific Islands; the distinctively majoritarian nature of these reform trends; and the increasing willingness of many Asian and Pacific states to borrow from each other in the search for appropriate models of electoral system design.

Keywords:   political reform, political parties, party fragmentation, electoral reform

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