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Works of MusicAn Essay in Ontology$
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Julian Dodd

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199284375

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.001.0001

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The Type/Token Theory Introduced

The Type/Token Theory Introduced

Chapter:
(p.8) 1 The Type/Token Theory Introduced
Source:
Works of Music
Author(s):

Julian Dodd (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0002

This chapter makes the case for the claim that the type/token theory is the prima facie answer to the categorial question: that is, the account that must be accepted unless it is defeated. This it does by arguing that the type/token theory gives natural and convincing explanations of two phenomena: the fact that musical works are repeatable (i.e., susceptible of multiple occurrence), and the fact that we listen to a work by listening to one of its occurrences. The effective way in which the type/token theory provides explanations of these phenomena is favourably contrasted with the attempted explanations offered by its standard competitors: the conception of musical works as sets of sound-sequence-events, the view of such works as properties of such events, nominalist theories, and anti-realist accounts.

Keywords:   anti-realism, nominalism, property, repeatability, set, type, Platonism

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