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A History of EnglishFrom Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic$
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Donald Ringe

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199284139

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.001.0001

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(p.213) 4 Proto-Germanic
A History of English

Don Ringe (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Germanic, parallel to the sketch of Proto-Indo-European in Chapter 2. The section on phonology discusses the Verner’s Law alternation; automatic vocalic alternations; and the ablaut system at length. The section on inflectional morphology discusses the classes of strong, weak, preterite-present, and anomalous verbs, as well as the various classes of nominals. Short sections on derivational morphology, syntax, and the lexicon are included; the last concentrates on loanwords in Proto-Germanic.

Keywords:   phonology, alternations, Verner’s Law, ablaut, inflectional morphology, strong verbs, weak verbs, preterite-present verbs, derivational morphology, loanwords

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