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A History of EnglishFrom Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic$
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Donald Ringe

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199284139

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.001.0001

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The Development of Proto-Germanic

The Development of Proto-Germanic

Chapter:
(p.67) 3 The Development of Proto-Germanic
Source:
A History of English
Author(s):

Don Ringe (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.003.0003

This chapter discusses the reconstructable linguistic changes that occurred in the development from Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic. The first half of the chapter discusses regular sound changes, especially prominent changes including the elimination of laryngeals, Grimm’s Law, Verner’s Law, the remodelling of Sievers’ Law, the loss of intervocalic *j, and several changes of vowels. The second half discusses morphological changes. A long initial section deals with the wholesale morphological restructuring of the verb system, concentrating on preterite-present verbs, strong and weak past tense stems, and participles. Subsequent sections discuss less sweeping changes in the inflection of verbs and nominals.

Keywords:   sound change, laryngeals, Grimm’s Law, Verner’s Law, Sievers’ Law, morphological restructuring, preterite-present verbs, strong past, weak past, morphological change

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