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A History of EnglishFrom Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic$
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Donald Ringe

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199284139

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.001.0001

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Proto-Indo-European

Proto-Indo-European

Chapter:
(p.4) 2 Proto-Indo-European
Source:
A History of English
Author(s):

Don Ringe (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.003.0002

This chapter is a grammatical sketch of Proto-Indo-European. It describes the phonology of the language, including the system of surface contrasts; peculiarities of subsystems and individual segments; syllabification of sonorants; ablaut; rules affecting obstruents (including laryngeals); the accent system; and Auslautgesetze. The inflectional morphology is described, including the system of inflectional categories and their formal expression; the complex inflection of the verb (organized around aspect stems and inflected also for mood, voice, the person and number of the subject, and — marginally — tense); and the inflection of the various classes of nominals, with emphasis on the accent and ablaut paradigms of nouns. Short sections on derivational morphology, syntax, and the lexicon are included.

Keywords:   phonology, laryngeals, syllabification, ablaut, accent, inflectional morphology, aspect, derivational morphology

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