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The Oxford Latin SyntaxVolume 1: The Simple Clause$
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Harm Pinkster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199283613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283613.001.0001

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(p.672) Chapter 8 Negation
The Oxford Latin Syntax

Harm Pinkster

Oxford University Press

A first distinction is made between semantic negation and pragmatic negation. Semantic negation is achieved by negators, by adverbs, by negative subordinators, by zero quantifiers, or by negative verbs. A second distinction is that between clause negation and local negation (of individual words or phrases). Latin uses different negation adverbs for imperative and other sentence types. The individual negation adverbs and subordinators are discussed separately. Additional sections are devoted to coordination of negative clauses and to the occurrence of multiple negators in the same clause. The co-occurence of negators may either entail annihilation of the negation or lead to reinforced negation. The best example of pragmatic negation is rhetorical questions.

Keywords:   semantic negation, pragmatic negation, clause negation, negation adverbs, negative subordinators, zero quantifiers, negative verbs, negative clause coordination, multiple coordinators, rhetorical questions

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