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The Oxford Latin SyntaxVolume 1: The Simple Clause$
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Harm Pinkster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199283613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283613.001.0001

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Sentence type and illocutionary force

Sentence type and illocutionary force

(p.306) Chapter 6 Sentence type and illocutionary force
The Oxford Latin Syntax

Harm Pinkster

Oxford University Press

Four sentence types are distinguished: declarative, imperative, interrogative, and exclamatory sentences. The form of negation is the main formal criterion to distinguish imperative sentences (negation ne) from the others (negation non). Each sentence type has a basic illocutionary force, but may be used with a different illocutionary force (the so-called indirect illocutionary force). Further subtypes of the four sentence types are discussed in detail. For imperative sentences a distinction can be made between wishes and orders, depending on whether the agent of the sentence is supposed to control the event the sentence refers to. For interrogative sentences a distinction is made between sentence questions and constituent questions. Additional attention is given to responses.

Keywords:   sentence type, illocutionary force, declarative sentences, imperative sentences, interrogative sentences, exclamatory sentences, response, sentence question, constituent question, negation

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