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The Oxford Latin SyntaxVolume 1: The Simple Clause$
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Harm Pinkster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199283613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283613.001.0001

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Active/passive, reflexivity, and intransitivization

Active/passive, reflexivity, and intransitivization

Chapter:
(p.230) Chapter 5 Active/passive, reflexivity, and intransitivization
Source:
The Oxford Latin Syntax
Author(s):

Harm Pinkster

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283613.003.0005

In this chapter three uses of the verbs that are normally treated in different chapters are discussed together. It is shown that from a semantic point of view the passive, reflexive, and intransitive uses of verbs overlap. In the section on the passive a distinction is made between true passive, decausative and autocausative uses, which also applies to reflexive uses. A further distinction is made between agentful and agentless use of the passive. The degree to which these distinctions are relevant differs from text type to text type. Deponent verbs receive a separate discussion. The voice value of the gerund and the gerundive verb forms are also discussed.

Keywords:   active, passive, reflexive, intransitive, decausative, autocausative, deponent, gerund, gerundive, text type

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