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The Oxford Latin SyntaxVolume 1: The Simple Clause$
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Harm Pinkster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199283613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283613.001.0001

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Latin word classes and inflectional categories

Latin word classes and inflectional categories

(p.34) Chapter 3 Latin word classes and inflectional categories
The Oxford Latin Syntax

Harm Pinkster

Oxford University Press

This chapter is intended to provide those who are not well acquainted with Latin with an overview of the main Latin word classes and their morphology. It is divided into three sections: (i) nominal word classes, (ii) verbs, and (iii) non-nominal, non-verbal word classes. The first–nominal word classes–deals with the inflectional categories of number, case, and gender of nouns, and with adjectives, pronouns/determiners, and numerals. The section on verbs deals with the inflectional categories of tense and mood as well as the various verbal forms; the distinction between finite and non-finite verb forms (including substantival and adjectival verb forms and supines) receives special attention. The third main section includes adverbs, prepositions, particles and clitics.

Keywords:   word classes, inflectional categories, number, case, gender, tense, mood, finite, non-finite, verbs

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