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The Oxford Latin SyntaxVolume 1: The Simple Clause$
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Harm Pinkster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199283613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283613.001.0001

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Basic grammatical concepts

Basic grammatical concepts

(p.11) Chapter 2 Basic grammatical concepts
The Oxford Latin Syntax

Harm Pinkster

Oxford University Press

One part of the chapter is devoted to the various components that together constitute a sentence. The terms involved, like sentence and clause, are not used in a uniform way in the older literature and vary also from one (national or theoretical) linguistic community to the other. The items discussed are ‘sentence’, ‘clause’, ‘phrase’, ‘word’, ‘clitic’, and ‘constituent’. A second part is devoted to the structure of the clause and the importance of the concept of valency in describing the structure of clauses. Some constituents of a clause are determined by the valency of the verb (so-called arguments), other are not (so-called satellites). A third part is devoted to the notions of syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic functions. A final part deals with linguistic entities of a higher level than the sentence: discourse and text type.

Keywords:   sentence, clause, phrase, clitic, constituent, valency, argument, satellite, discourse, text type

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