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The Oxford Latin SyntaxVolume 1: The Simple Clause$
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Harm Pinkster

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199283613

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283613.001.0001

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Cases and prepositions

Cases and prepositions

Chapter:
(p.1176) Chapter 12 Cases and prepositions
Source:
The Oxford Latin Syntax
Author(s):

Harm Pinkster

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283613.003.0012

This chapter deals with the function of cases and prepositions and their contribution to a correct interpretation of the context in which they are used. Frequency data are provided, which show the use of cases and prepositions to mark constituents at the clause and noun phrase levels, that is, for arguments, adjuncts, disjuncts, and attributes. Special attention is paid to the question how it is possible that the same case or preposition is used at different levels. It is difficult to find one ‘core’ meaning for each case or preposition that covers these various uses. The meaning of the nouns and verbs and the context in which they are used contributes much to a correct interpretation. In the course of the history of Latin the function of cases and prepositions changed, but the final break down of the case system occurred much later than the period covered by the Syntax.

Keywords:   cases, prepositions, functions, arguments, adjuncts, disjuncts, attributes, frequency data, ‘core’ meaning, historical developments

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