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Veneeta Dayal

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780199281268

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281268.001.0001

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Weak islands and extraction

Weak islands and extraction

Chapter:
(p.171) 6 Weak islands and extraction
Source:
Questions
Author(s):

Veneeta Dayal

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281268.003.0006

This chapter considers negative islands, wh islands, and factive/presuppositional islands which allow extraction of some wh expressions: individual denoting vs. manners, reasons, amounts; arguments vs. adjuncts; referential vs. non-referential, or D-linked vs. non D-linked wh. Semantic accounts for weak islands include the proposal that the quantificational domain for individuals is radically different from the one for amounts, manners, degrees. Another treats negative islands in terms of maximality. Yet another taps into the presuppositions of a question to derive the effects and shows how shifts in context can change the paradigm. This is elaborated in proposals that derive the relevant effects in all three weak islands from the maximal informativity in the answerhood operator. Obviation in the presence of an appropriate modal is predicted. Clausal pied piping, wh copy construction, and scope marking have been claimed to involve weak islands but this may not be true for all four.

Keywords:   negative islands, wh islands, factive/presuppositional islands, weak islands, arguments vs. adjuncts, referentiality, D-linking, modal obviation, scope marking

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