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The European Employment StrategyLabour Market Regulation and New Governance$
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Diamond Ashiagbor

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199279647

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279647.001.0001

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Conceptualizing European unemployment: the emergence of a European employment policy

Conceptualizing European unemployment: the emergence of a European employment policy

Chapter:
(p.72) 3 Conceptualizing European unemployment: the emergence of a European employment policy
Source:
The European Employment Strategy
Author(s):

Diamond Ashiagbor

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279647.003.0004

This chapter examines the conceptualisation of European unemployment by comparing the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development Jobs Study and the European Commission's White Paper Growth, Competitiveness and Employment. The emergence of a European employment policy is examined in terms of a shift from a social policy agenda to an employment policy agenda, arising out of the interaction between economic and social policy, but owing more to the former, in particular with regard to the perspective adopted on the role of labour market institutions (rigidities) in unemployment. The chapter also considers how the European Employment Strategy connects with the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), and how this link (essentially bringing employment within the criteria for the monetary union) has placed employment policy within a particular discourse, one which takes a distinctive perspective on the role of labour market rigidities, in creating or perpetuating unemployment.

Keywords:   unemployment, European Monetary Union, social policy, employment policy, labour market rigidities, labour market institutions, European Employment Strategy

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