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Ancient Greek AccentuationSynchronic Patterns, Frequency Effects, and Prehistory$
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Philomen Probert

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199279609

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279609.001.0001

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Complex Caland Formations

Complex Caland Formations

Chapter:
(p.259) 12 Complex Caland Formations
Source:
Ancient Greek Accentuation
Author(s):

Philomen Probert (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279609.003.0013

This chapter discusses the recessive accentuation of occasional adjectives with primary -ro- and -no-, and of all adjectives of material with -ino- and adjectives with -(s)uno-, -imo-, and -umo-. Recessive accentuation in adjectives with primary -ro- and -no-, in so far as it can be explained, is due to relatively idiosyncratic properties of the individual words. The consistent recessive accentuation of words with -ino- (the material suffix), -(s)uno-, -imo-, and -umo- obviously cannot be explained on this basis. It is argued that these four suffixes are originally complex Caland suffixes, while the -ino- forming finally accented spatial or temporal adjectives (type pukinós ‘compact’, earinós ‘of spring’) has a non-Caland -i. Root accentuation (becoming Greek recessive accentuation) is argued to be inherited in complex Caland formations, and perhaps other endocentric formations.

Keywords:   -ro-, -no-, adjectives of material, -ino-, -suno-, -uno-, -imo-, -umo-, Caland suffixes, endocentric formations

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