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Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913$
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Oliver Grant

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199276561

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199276561.001.0001

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Migration in Germany 1870–1913: A Statistical Analysis

Migration in Germany 1870–1913: A Statistical Analysis

(p.97) 4 Migration in Germany 1870–1913: A Statistical Analysis
Migration and Inequality in Germany 1870-1913


Oxford University Press

This chapter presents the examination of migration statistics using modern econometric analysis. The results show that there was a period of intense rural-urban migration in the 1870s and 1880s, and this was affected by conditions within agriculture relative to those in industry, and by changes within agriculture. Agricultural transformation brought about the release of surplus labour onto urban labour markets. After a period of transition in the 1890s, the pattern of migration changed to one which was no longer dominated by the movement of surplus rural labour. The ending of this ‘labour surplus’ phase created conditions which were favourable to the creation of a modern mature industrial society, and to a process of social and economic reconciliation which could have led to the emergence of democratic institutions and a reduction in social conflict.

Keywords:   migration, migration statistics, econometric analysis, labour surplus

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