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The Industrialization of Rural China$
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Chris Bramall

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199275939

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275939.001.0001

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Learning to Industrialize in the Maoist Era

Learning to Industrialize in the Maoist Era

(p.141) 6 Learning to Industrialize in the Maoist Era
The Industrialization of Rural China

Chris Bramall (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The diffusion of skills from the urban core to the rural periphery transformed China’s rural skills base during the 1960s and 1970s. This process was brought about by both the Third Front programme and by the sending-down (xiafang) of urban youth to the countryside, where many of them became teachers. Along with a process of learning-by-doing in the newly-established rural industries of the Maoist era, skill diffusion ensured that China entered the 1980s with the workforce needed for rapid industrial expansion. Despite output fluctuations and the impact of political campaigns, an extensive manufacturing capability had been created in rural China by the time of Mao’s death.

Keywords:   Mao, xiafang, Third Front, skills, diffusion, manufacturing, industries

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