Referential opacity is the term commonly used for the phenomenon of substitution-failure, for example, the failure of ‘seek/fear/caricature Hyde’ to entail ‘seek/fear/caricature Jekyll’. Richard (2001) remarks that a treatment of intensional transitives that does not examine referential opacity could seem like a critical discussion of Paradise Lost that ignores the Prince of Darkness. This chapter presents a ‘hidden indexical’ theory of opacity and discusses how it is to be integrated into the semantics for
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