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Wars of WordsThe Politics of Language in Ireland 1537-2004$
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Tony Crowley

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199273430

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273430.001.0001

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Language and revolution, 1876–1922

Language and revolution, 1876–1922

(p.128) CHAPTER SIX Language and revolution, 1876–1922
Wars of Words

Tony Crowley (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents the story of the language movement's centrality to the struggle for Irish national independence. From its unlikely beginnings in small journals to the hegemonic role played by the Gaelic League in the ideological and cultural war, the movement to preserve, revive, and restore the Gaelic language as part of the formation of national identity was one of the most important factors in motivating and inspiring those who engaged in the physical fight against British rule. But the history of the Revival movement is complex, taking in as it does a whole spectrum of political positions and arguments which ranged from reactionary Catholicism to revolutionary socialism, and from complete rejection of the English language to those who espoused a new form of language — Hiberno-English — which had been created out of a colonial history.

Keywords:   Irish independence struggle, Gaelic League, Gaelic language, Gaelic Revival, English language, Hiberno-English, Catholicism, socialism, colonialism

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