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Catholic Europe, 1592–1648Centre and Peripheries$
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Tadhg Ó hAnnracháin

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780199272723

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272723.001.0001

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Opposition to Islam

Opposition to Islam

(p.138) 4 Opposition to Islam
Catholic Europe, 1592–1648

Tadhg Ó hAnnracháin

Oxford University Press

This chapter offers a case study of papal diplomatic involvement in conflict against the Ottoman empire, a consistent impulse of pontifical policy which deeply influenced the relationship between the south-eastern periphery of European Catholicism and Rome. It argues that the providential context in which conflict with the Ottoman empire was understood was a significant factor in determining papal policy. Throughout the pontificate of Clement VIII, Rome made extensive diplomatic efforts to support the Habsburg war against the Turks and also, relative to its resources, made a very substantial financial contribution to the struggle. The papacy’s most important achievement in this regard was the inclusion of Transylvania in the anti-Turkish coalition. This represented a reversal of the traditional politics of the principality and of the policies which it was to follow for most of the seventeenth century, which was largely due to the personal religious outlook of Sigismund Bathory.

Keywords:   Clement VIII, providentialism, Ottoman Empire, Balkans, Hungary, Sigismund Bathory, papal nuncios, Transylvania, religious war

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