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Jurists UprootedGerman-Speaking Emigré Lawyers in Twentieth Century Britain$
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Jack Beatson and Reinhard Zimmermann

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199270583

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199270583.001.0001

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Hermann Mannheim (1889–1974) and Max Grünhut (1893–1964)

Hermann Mannheim (1889–1974) and Max Grünhut (1893–1964)

(p.709) Hermann Mannheim (1889–1974) and Max Grünhut (1893–1964)
Jurists Uprooted

Roger Hood

Oxford University Press

Hermann Mannheim and Max Grünhut left Germany for England — the first in January 1934, and the second five years later — both as a direct consequence of Nazi persecution. Leon Radzinowicz, on the other hand, was already in England on a mission supported by the Polish Ministry of Justice when the clouds of war gathered, and wisely decided not to return to his native Poland, where he would almost certainly have perished. It is widely acknowledged that Radzinowicz's influence on the establishment of criminology as an academic discipline in his country of adoption was, in the long run, more decisive than either Mannheim's or Grünhut's, for he was the founder of the first Institute of Criminology to be established in a British university. Yet the prospect of criminology being recognised as a discipline worthy of governmental support would have been negligible without the contributions already made by Mannheim at the London School of Economics (LSE) and Grünhut at Oxford University. This chapter looks at the careers of Mannheim and Grünhut as émigré legal scholars in England and their academic contributions.

Keywords:   Hermann Mannheim, Max Grünhut, Germany, England, criminology, émigré legal scholars

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