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Bridging IslandsVenture Companies and the Future of Japanese and American Industry$
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Robert Kneller

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199268801

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268801.001.0001

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Autarkic Large Companies

Autarkic Large Companies

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Autarkic Large Companies
Source:
Bridging Islands
Author(s):

Robert Kneller

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268801.003.0002

This chapter explores the tendency of large established Japanese companies to innovate autarkicly, that is, to rely on their own in-house R&D laboratories for new prototype products and to try to maintain control over the upstream components of a vertically integrated value chain. It shows that the major Japanese pharmaceutical companies do innovate autarkicly while major US and European companies rely more on in-licensing from biotechnology companies and, to a lesser extent, universities. It also considers whether large Japanese companies in other industries also innovate autarkicly and looks at collaborations between large companies and universities.

Keywords:   Japanese companies, autarkic innovation, product development, research and development

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