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Bridging IslandsVenture Companies and the Future of Japanese and American Industry$
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Robert Kneller

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780199268801

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268801.001.0001

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Autarkic Large Companies

Autarkic Large Companies

(p.19) 2 Autarkic Large Companies
Bridging Islands

Robert Kneller

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the tendency of large established Japanese companies to innovate autarkicly, that is, to rely on their own in-house R&D laboratories for new prototype products and to try to maintain control over the upstream components of a vertically integrated value chain. It shows that the major Japanese pharmaceutical companies do innovate autarkicly while major US and European companies rely more on in-licensing from biotechnology companies and, to a lesser extent, universities. It also considers whether large Japanese companies in other industries also innovate autarkicly and looks at collaborations between large companies and universities.

Keywords:   Japanese companies, autarkic innovation, product development, research and development

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