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Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian ControversyThe Making of a Saint and of a Heretic$
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Susan Wessel

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199268467

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268467.001.0001

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Confrontation in the Early Episcopacy

Confrontation in the Early Episcopacy

(p.14) (p.15) 1 Confrontation in the Early Episcopacy
Cyril of Alexandria and the Nestorian Controversy

Susan Wessel

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses Cyril's early episcopacy, including his polemical confrontation with Jews, pagans, and Arians. By these polemics, Cyril forged his distinctly Alexandrian vision of Christianity, which favoured simple, repeatable formulations of the creed. During this time, too, Cyril borrowed Athanasius' anti-Arian discourse which Cyril made relevant once again in his later controversy with Nestorius. The first section of this chapter discusses Cyril's election and the Novatians. The second section looks at Theophilus' actions against the Tall Brothers and John Chrysostom. The third section considers Cyril's conflict with the Alexandrian Jews. The fourth section examines the murder of the renowned pagan and neo-Platonist philosopher Hypatia. The fifth section considers the lingering problem of Arianism.

Keywords:   Cyril's election, Novatians, Socrates, Thephilus, Tall Brothers, John Chrysostom, Alexandrian Jews, Hypatia's murder, Arianism

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