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Paradigms in Phonological Theory$
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Laura J. Downing, T. Alan Hall, and Renate Raffelsiefen

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267712

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.001.0001

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Sources of Paradigm Uniformity

Sources of Paradigm Uniformity

(p.65) 4 Sources of Paradigm Uniformity
Paradigms in Phonological Theory

Luigi Burzio

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that paradigm uniformity (PU) effects ultimately show that, while the move towards parallelism initiated by OT was much on the right track, the degree of parallelism in the system is in fact more extensive, concerning not only the internal structure of phonology, but also the relationship between phonology and morphology. It further argues that the mental calculations or ‘processing’ required by phonology and morphology are not only parallel, but also ‘distributed’, indeed as in ‘Parallel Distributed Processing’ — the formal term for connectionism. The chapter proceeds as follows. Sections 4.2 and 4.3 argue that representations influence or ‘attract’ each other to a degree that is inversely related to their geometrical or global distance. Section 4.4 argues that the role of global distance reveals that mental representations have fundamental properties of neural nets, and also that a major factor behind the Optimality Theory (OT) notion of OO-F is precisely the noted attraction effect. Section 4.5 elaborates further on the proposal of Section 4.4, pointing to additional consequences of significance. Section 4.6 suggests that a coherent and improved approach to morphology can also be developed from this perspective, one that further defines the OO-F relations at work within the phonology in terms of morphological relations. Section 4.7 reviews the typology of PU effects, showing that it is captured by the present approach though not by traditional means.

Keywords:   paradigm uniformity, parallelism, Optimality Theory, global distance, geometrical distance, OO-F

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