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Paradigms in Phonological Theory$
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Laura J. Downing, T. Alan Hall, and Renate Raffelsiefen

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199267712

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2010

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.001.0001

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Competing Principles of Paradigm Uniformity: Evidence from the Hebrew Imperative Paradigm

Competing Principles of Paradigm Uniformity: Evidence from the Hebrew Imperative Paradigm

Chapter:
(p.44) 3. Competing Principles of Paradigm Uniformity: Evidence from the Hebrew Imperative Paradigm
Source:
Paradigms in Phonological Theory
Author(s):

Outi Bat-El

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267712.003.0003

Paradigms can be non-uniform in different ways. This chapter shows the differences within languages and across two stages of a language. The difference between Colloquial and Tiberian Hebrew is in the ranking of markedness and faithfulness constraints. In Colloquial Hebrew, faithfulness constraints are ranked above markedness constraints, and the imperative is thus identical to the future base (with the exclusion of the truncated material). That is, Structural Identity is respected. In Tiberian Hebrew, markedness constraints are ranked above faithfulness constraints, and the imperative is thus segmentally (stop v. fricative) and prosodically (epenthesis and deletion) different from the future base. That is, Structural Identity is violated. Another effect of the dominance of faithfulness constraints in Colloquial Hebrew is the violation of Existence. When the imperative cannot be identical to its base, there is no imperative and Existence is violated. Such an effect is not found in Tiberian Hebrew since faithfulness constraints are low ranked.

Keywords:   Colloquial Hebrew, Tiberian Hebrew, paradigms, Existence, faithfulness constraints

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