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Structuring Sense: Volume III: Taking Form$
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Hagit Borer

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780199263936

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263936.001.0001

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The Skeleton

The Skeleton

(p.242) (p.243) 6 The Skeleton
Structuring Sense: Volume III: Taking Form

Hagit Borer

Oxford University Press

This chapter returns to the general model, and offers a perspective on phrase structure, constituent structure, linearization and functors. While Chomsky's Bare Phrase Structure is adopted, the assumption that external merge involves lexically listed items (complete with category) is rejected, and is replaced with the claim that external merge involves roots, otherwise unspecified for category, and functors. The nature of C-functors is discussed in detail, and they are argued to be defined them as fundamentally syntactic functions which divide the categorial space, defining a categorial space as their domain, and, obligatorily transitive, defining their complement set as a distinct categorial space (their Categorial Complement Set). The notation CX[Y] is thus proposed, for a C-functor which projects, defines, domain X and which defines its complement domain as Y. The role of S-functors, fundamentally semantic functions, in turn is defined relative to the semantic value which they assign to otherwise empty sets, which are subsequently projected as segments of Extended Projections (ExP-segments). Extended Projections, in turn, are defined relative to their shared Categorial Complement Set. A somewhat speculative discussion concerning adjunction and linearization ends this chapter.

Keywords:   Bare Phrase Structure, linearization, categorial functors, semantic functors, Extended Projection, root selection, locality, prefixes

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